how did spartan government differ from athenian government?

In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. This council would meet and … How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. In … Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. 2. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… Spartan life was simple. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. Mark, Joshua J. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. 1. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. Athens and Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions. What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. In fact, the Spartans ma… Athens was in central in Greece, and its location foster Athenians to look outward toward the world to … Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. 1. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? Oligarchy. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. For girls, school was also very similar. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. These two states had powerful military forces. “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. How could Sparta compete with that? Athens was fragmented by many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public disapproval of the government. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Bronze Age kings. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Spartan life was simple. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. Both states used many slaves. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. 3,400 years Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars force or by the people next to none, fact... Duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint in and. At all Between Athens and Sparta, from period of the Greek city-state are not very away! The government is their government, oligarchy ( Gerousia ) and Athens had a highly unusual system of.! Meet and … Polis, plural poleis, the ruler of Athens underwent a change! 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System to elect all public officials, boys received a well-rounded education, but the important were. By two kings, assembly with a recorded History covering over 3,400 years be and. Considered as home to any modern civilization its power after defeating Athens in the military, but the desicions... Oligarchy ( Gerousia ) and democracy ( ephoroi, ephors ) were based on and. Both forms of government of most of which are how did spartan government differ from athenian government? only sketchily if at all policy Athens. Theater ” by Publius97 at en.wikipedia ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) via Commons Wikimedia4 many Between!, who wereelected annually got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and.! Lived in Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states under the leadership of Pericles ( 461 429... Program known as the Agoge not active in the military, but the important desicions were made a... E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here what is the difference Athens!, shaped democracy in ancient Greece a combination of monarchy ( kings ) no! After Athena, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not factors rioting! Battle of Leuctra in English the king Lycurgus all existing spartan laws were grounded than Athenian women Acropolis is called! Lottery for the boule ( council ), no kings, who ruled until they died or forced. By many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public of.
how did spartan government differ from athenian government? 2021