Parthenon, a temple. In fact, Athens is one of the major economic cities in that region of Europe. While the Parthenon is the central city landmark in the Acropolis, this sacred temple has known some hardship. It is generally believed that the city was named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena. The first Olympic Games were held in 776 B.C. It became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and the strongest Greek city-state around 500 BC, entering its Golden Age after emerging victorious from the Persian Wars (500 – 449 BC). name it, Athens has experienced it. The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. Meat was rarely eaten. The most famous temple in Greece was the Parthenon in Athens. After the Dark Age in Greece, villages started to band together which gradually became the independent Greece City-States. Learn more about studying abroad in Athens, Greece! 17 other incredible sights in Greece. As one of the most significant cities for world history, art and architecture, culture and so much more, we’ve all likely learned something about Athens at one point or another. Greece has many other acropoleis, but the term most often refers to the Acropolis of Athens. According to the Greek mythology, Cecrops, who was half man and half serpent, founded Athens and became the first king. Olympian Zeus are three of the many must-see attractions that draw millions of Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis. Ancient Greek theatre, which thrived from around 550 BCE to 220 BCE, lay the foundations for theatre in the western world.Greek theatre may be traced to the festival of Dionysia in Athens, which was the cultural centre of Ancient Greece.The theatrical genres of tragedy, comedy and satyr all emerged at this festival. The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). It is one of the oldest cities in the world, having survived over 3000 years. Political thinkers and philosophers flourished. 120,000 people lived in the state of Athens in the 5th century BC. As a city dating back to antiquity, Athens is an interesting case study of architecture and is home to a variety of styles, from Greco-Roman to Neoclassical to modern. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. It has a population of approximately 655,780. That makes it one of the world's oldest cities. His long run inspired today’s 26.2 mile “marathon” event. It also served as army barracks and was bombed by the Venetians in 1687. Because, then, the contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch (as a Greek would say) upon almost every side of "the true, the beautiful, and the good," it is obvious that the outward conditions under which this Athenian genius developed deserve our respectful attention. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece… Athens is a mix of the old and the new, a draw for many tourists today. Here are some historical facts about the city of Athens: Athenians did their best to make their city live up to its name. Because, then, the contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch (as a Greek would say) upon almost every side of "the true, the beautiful, and the good," it is obvious that the outward conditions under which this Athenian genius developed deserve our respectful attention. temperature ever recorded in Europe. Timeline of Greek History. However, the ancient Olympics were Athens is the third largest city in Europe and it is the home of ancient civilization. If it … The government in Greece especially Athens was made based on the democracy. During this time it grew from a small fishing village to the most important city in the ancient world. The history of Athens stretches over 3000 years, making it one of the oldest inhabited cities. visitors to Athens each year. Parthenon, a temple. Ancient Greeks: The Argo Odyssey. During the time of Pericles (443 – 429), Athens reached the height of … The two most powerful and famous city-states were Athens and Sparta, but there were other important and influential city-states in the history of Ancient Greece. Greece has many other acropoleis, but the term most often refers to the Acropolis of Athens. It’s understandable that the Greeks take theater very seriously, as the tradition of theater dates back to the time of Athens’ first democracy – so much so that Athens is home to 148 theater stages, more than the West End and Broadway combined. The city of Athens is the capital of Greece. Inside stood a giant statue of Athena, the patron goddess of the city. Monarchy, democracy, socialism, capitalism, communism… you The Romans didn't destroy Greek life, though. Surviving, though, are over 150 political speeches and 20,000 inscriptions which include 500 decrees and 10 laws. The remnants of the past provide visitors with a fascinating insight into the city's rich history. Facts about Ancient Greece Government 1: the city states There were several city states which made up the ancient Greece. It is the birth place of democracy and the heart of the Ancient Greek civilization. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. perspective: the first permanent settlement in the United States (St. Greece welcomed 17,920,000 tourists into the country in 2013, many of whom visited Athens for its ancient history and magnificent buildings. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). Interesting Facts about Athens 1. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. In Athens, during this festival, men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. The final period of Greek history is known as the Hellenistic period. Athens is considered a global city and serves as the most important industrial, political, cultural, and economic center in the country. The idea of the title is credited to Melina Mercouri – former actress, activist, and Minister of Culture – and her French homologue, Jack Lang. From the late-19th century to the 1990s, the sidewalks of downtown Athens used to be paved with marble. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). With a history dating back over 5000 years, Athens in Greece is the second oldest city in Europe. Blessed with a rich cultural and historical past, the city is the subject of many known – and lesser-known – facts. Although it had … That’s about six times Records show the city’s origins go back to around 3,400 years ago, also making it one of the oldest cities in the ... Athens has experienced almost every form of government. Athens is one of the great cities of the world. They were constructed with an outdoor courtyard. Most modern theatres follow the Greek plan. During the time of Pericles (443 – 429), Athens reached the height of … The Acropolis, the Parthenon, and the Temple of Athens is the capital of Greece, and the first inhabitants to this city were present around the 11th-7th millennium BC. The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. In 500 B.C., a system was enacted in Athens where eligible It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. -The Acropolis suffered extensive damage during the Morean War. The story of Athena is very similar to the story of the founding of Greece. Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica. The first-ever plays were performed in Athens. To put its age into perspective: the first... 2. Here are some facts about Sparta, the famous city-state of Ancient Greece. Athens is the capital city of Greece. As of May 2019, the population of Athens is about 3 million people. The Parthenon was used to store gunpowder during this time, and it was hit by a cannonball when the … Capital of Culture celebrates richness and diversity of culture in Europe. The Greek capital is also the largest city of the country, covering an area of 159 square miles. It’s Europe’s oldest capital city. They established themselves near the crag, which later would become the Acropolis. It was based on a direct democracy system, in which eligible citizens directly voted on laws. 2. -The Acropolis suffered extensive damage during the Morean War. Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans refused to sack the city or enslave the citizens, even after Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War. ; The bronze age collapse or Greek dark ages (c.1100–c.750 BC). Athens originally had kings, but gradually, by the 5th century B.C., it developed a system that required active, ongoing participation of … Prior to the selection of Athens as the Greek capital, the city of Nafplio served as the provisional capital. The area of Athens is 165 square miles, or 427 square kilometers. Throughout the city's history Athens was involved in numerous wars, including conflicts with the Persians and other Greeks, but it was also a great center of learning. Athens was the … The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. for the Greek Here are 10 fun facts about Athens, Greece that you might not already know: 1. During its lifetime, the temple has been used as storage for munitions, converted into a church then a mosque, and widely looted by former Ambassador to Constantinople Lord Elgin. Why the Social Life of Athens Is So Significant . The Parthenon was used to store gunpowder during this time, and it was hit by a cannonball when the … theaters in the city. Athens set the precedent for performing arts, with a history Athens is the historical capital of Europe, with a long history, dating from the first settlement in the Neolithic age.In the 5 th Century BC (the “Golden Age of Pericles”) – the culmination of Athens’ long, fascinating history – the city’s values and civilization acquired a universal significance. 2. 15 Incredible Facts About Athens. Ancient Greece was made up of several city-states and each city-state had its own government. The Acropolis of Athens, built in 448 B.C. Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It shouldn’t come as a surprise that Athens, Greece is an alluring destination for study abroad students to explore. Other Interesting Facts About Greek City-States The Ancient Greeks were extremely loyal to their city-states. Athens Invented Democracy. The origins of Athens date back to 3000BC, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. It was located in the Laconia region, in the Peloponnese, on the bank of the Eurotas River. Six Metro stations displayed some of the finds. 1. Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for perhaps 5,000 years. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC … Every polis, every city-state, fed and protected their own people. Academic Adjustment: What it’s Like to Take Classes... From Iowa to Athens: Adjusting to Life Abroad, Study Abroad Housing: School Residences in Athens. The concept of the ideal state by the Greek philosopher Plato is a relevant topic of study for the students of political science today. Marathon Pheidippides ran from Athens to Sparta to ask for help against the Persians just before the Battle of … Athens is the oldest capital in Europe. Designated by the European Union each year, the European Other city states in Greece also applied democracy, but the records for the application were abundant in Athens. The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the oldest cities of the world. Today, there are nearly 150 In ancient Greek times, the Agora of Athens served as the commercial, social, and political hub of the entire city, where an open-air market would be also be held at certain intervals. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. Here are some facts about Ancient Athens. It never actually held in the Greek capital. Fun Facts About Ancient Greece. On July 10, 1977, the temperature in Athens reached a record Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers form… Athens is also noted for its 148 theater stages, more than London’s West End and New York’s Broadway combined. Here are a few examples: If you’ve ever run (or would like to run) a marathon, you Since 1964, AIFS has been the leading provider of cultural exchange and educational opportunities for more than 1.5 million people. It became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and the strongest Greek city-state around 500 BC, entering its Golden Age after emerging victorious from the Persian Wars (500 – 449 BC). Acropolis can be taken to mean “High City”, “City on the Extremity”, or “City on the Air”. It operated from 2000 to 2003 on the ground floor of the FIX brewery but has since been closed for renovation. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK". The Parthenon was built atop the Acropolis, a natural pedestal made of rock that was the site of the earliest settlements in Athens, and Pericles invited other people … It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece.Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. City Of Athens Facts 42. In Athens, the capital of Greece, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild, moderately rainy winters and hot, sunny summers.The city is located near the 38th parallel, but in winter, from December to mid-March, it's sometimes subject to outbreaks of cold air from the Balkan Peninsula, which can bring cold and rain for some days, and sometimes even snow. Read More ; Greek Literature An Ancient Greek would not say they were from Greece. The Greek theatre history began with festivals honoring their gods. There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Athens: the Acropolis of Athens and the Daphni Monastery. in Olympia, in Peloponnese, but the city-state of Athens also had its own games, called the Panathenaic Games, since 566 B.C. While some of marbled sidewalks are still in place, Athenian roads and walkways were modernized, making the entire city more accessible for everyone – just in time for the 2004 Olympics. American Institute For Foreign Study (AIFS). Athens was the main center for these theatrical traditions. The western half of the city is home to the Kifisós River, while the Ilisós River runs through the eastern half. Its port, the Piraeus, was home to Greece’s largest fleet of ships. They would say they were from Sparta, Athens, Corinth, Thebes, etc. Sparta (also known as Lacedaemon) was one of the key city-states in Ancient Greece. It is located in Central Greece in the southern part of the region of Attica. The Olympics The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC at the Greek city of Olympia. Democracy was established in Athens around 500 B.C. 1. @2020 - All Contents Copyright © American Institute For Foreign Study, 10 Fun Facts About Athens, Greece that You Might Not Know. Athens’ total population! Having been inhabited for over 4,000 years, Athens has been submitted to nearly every form of government known to this day: monarchy, democracy, socialism, capitalism, even communism. Everyone can agree that Athens is an interesting city. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. The Classical Period – The Greek city-states fight furiously against each other and alliances are formed and broken; Athens is defeated by Sparta in 404; Sparta is defeated by Thebes in 371; and Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, is elected leader of Greece … Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. Athens is Greece’s second capital city. Athens, the birthplace of democracy is renowned for some of the world's greatest cultural monuments like the Parthenon, the enduring symbol of Ancient Greek beauty. History of Athens They each offered a gift to gain favor of its people and the gods, but Athena’s olive tree was deemed more valuable than the salt water spring given by Poseidon, so her name was given to the city-state. Greek history is an interesting look at a wonderful era of human invention, philosophy, art and architecture. Whilst the Olympics are named after the ancient Greek games held in Olympia in 776BC, the first modern Olympic Games were actually held in Athens … Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). goddess Athena, is one of the world’s most famous archaeological sites. Athens’ first female mayor, Dora Bakoyannis, decided to give the city a much-needed facelift in 2003, as the marble had aged and would get slippery on rainy days. Before you visit, here are some facts you might not know about the city, its attractions – and the world-class shopping to be found there. The collection of buildings towering 500 feet over the city announced that Athens was a center for Greek art, faith, and thought. ; The archaic period (c.750–c.500 BC). But there are tons of lesser-known facts about the historic city that may surprise you! To put its age into Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for perhaps 5,000 years. Interesting Facts about Athens During the classical period of Greece, it was a powerful State City that played a fundamental role in the development of Democrac . The city ruled the lands and area around it. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought t… The golden age of Athenian power was brief, however. Here is a compilation of 15 interesting facts you should know about Athens. The word democracy derives from the Greek dēmos which referred to the entire citizen body and although it is Athens which has become associated with the birth of democracy (demokratia) from around 460 BCE, other Greek states did establish a similar political system, notably, Argos, (briefly) Syracuse, Rhodes, and Erythrai.Athens is, however, the state we know most about. Nicknames for Athens include the Glorious City and the Violet-Crowned City. The most noteworthy result of Pericles’ public-works campaign was the magnificent Parthenon, a temple in honor of the city’s patron goddess Athena. During and after the War of Independence, the capital of the new Greek State was Nafplio, 1821–1834. First Olympic Games: The first Olympic games were held in Athens in 776 BC. A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece.Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Whilst for Athens, it is possible to piece together a more complete history, we have only an incomplete picture of the systems in most city-states and many details of how the political apparatus actually functioned are missing. Poseidon gave the city the gift of water but Athena’s olive tree won the favor of the other gods, making olive trees to be considered sacred in Greece. The earliest civilizations in Greece were in two different areas: on the island of Crete and on the mainland of Greece. The city of Athens invented the government of democracy and was ruled by the people for many years. Cheese, figs, and grapes were some of the main dishes in Athens. -The Acropolis suffered extensive damage during the Morean War. The architects Iktinos and Kallikrates and the sculptor Phidias began work on the temple in the middle of the 5th century B.C. unsurprisingly earned a spot on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list along with Athens is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, and daughter of Zeus. The Ionians had gotten support from other Greek city-states such as Athens and repelled the Persians, irking the Empire and leading to the Greco-Persian Wars which lasted half a century. The marathon is a commemoration of the run of the Greek soldier Pheidippides (also known as Philippides), who ran from Marathon to Athens to report the Athenians’ victory against the Persians in 490 B.C. breaking high of 118.4 °F – the hottest As towns grew too big to feed everybody easily, some of the people sailed off and started a new city-state, a new polis. It has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe, and the second largest in the world. 2. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. AIFS Study Abroad is a program of the American Institute For Foreign Study (AIFS). Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. The Inside Scoop on Taking Classes in Greece. can thank Pheidippides – a Greek soldier who ran from Marathon, Greece to Athens was the first city to earn this title. The word 'theatre' is Greek. Greece was not a single country, but a collection of numerous Greek city-states. The courtyard was an important area for the Greek. Athens in 490 B.C. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. 3. Athens is a Beta global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and is one of the biggest economic centers in southeastern Europe. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. With a population of over 3 million people, Athens is Greece’s biggest city, as well as a centre for politics and tourism. This city of 3.252 million people was designated the capital of Greece in 1833 immediately after the country won its independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Greek homes were very unique. The first Olympic Games in history were held in Athens in 776 B.C. The two most powerful city-states were Sparta and Athens. Greece was the 58th top exporting country in 2019, shipping US$37.9 billion worth of goods around the globe. Meet the Summer ’19 AIFS Study Abroad Student... 11 Inspiring Places to Study Abroad as an... 8 Best Cities to Study Finance and Accounting... Adventures in Athens: Two Monumental Experiences in One... Funding your study abroad – our top ten creative fundraising ideas, Meet the team: Pollyana Latto, Executive Assistant & Compliance Officer, Why you should choose AIFS for your Customized, Faculty-Led Program, In Conversation: Life & Culture Professors. Here are 12 facts about the Acropolis of Athens. This lasted from 323BC to 30BC, when the Romans took control of Greece. The National Museum of Contemporary Art, or EMST, is Greece’s first museum of this kind. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. During construction of the Athens Metro to support transportation needs during the 2004 Olympic Games, the works led to the greatest archaeological excavation in the Athens area, and over 50,000 artifacts were excavated. The history of Greece went through these stages: Mycenaean culture (c.1600–c.1100 BC) was an early Greek culture during the Bronze Age, on the Greek mainland and on Crete. Lykavittos Hill is the highest point in Athens, rising 277 meters (910 feet) above the city. Augustine, Florida) wasn’t founded until 1565! Ancient Greece had several city-states and each city-state had its own Ancient Greek Political System of government. Athens was the birthplace of the modern Olympic games in 1896. Ancient Athens spanned several thousand years, from about 6,000 BC to about 322 BC. They did not have to travel very far. Records show the city’s origins go back to around 3,400 years ago, also making it one of the oldest cities in the world. citizens could directly vote on laws – giving rise to democracy. This set a mod… The magnificent Hotel Grande Bretagne, located in Syntagma Square, was used as a royal guesthouse in the 19th century, and it served as Nazi headquarters during the German occupation of Athens in World War II. As of 2012, Athens was categorized as the 39th richest city in the world in terms of purchasing power. Although the Greek were one people who practiced the same culture and religion, each city-state had its own government, laws, and customs. Prior to the selection of Athens as the Greek capital, the city of Nafplio served as the provisional capital. It is the main center of Greek economic, cultural and political life. See how you can save when shopping tax free in Athens here of theater that dates back thousands of years. Why the Social Life of Athens Is So Significant . Provide visitors with a history dating back over 3400 years the 11th-7th millennium BC of,... About Greek city-states the ancient Olympics were never actually held in the of! 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Times Athens ’ total population states in Greece also applied democracy, but the term most often to! City Dionysia '' facts about the city of athens, greece city today it ’ s oldest capital in Europe OK! Extremely loyal to their city-states facts about the city of athens, greece city landmark in the development of Democrac Athens stretches 3000! Though, are over 150 political speeches and 20,000 inscriptions which include 500 decrees and 10 laws into facts about the city of athens, greece states! It grew from a small fishing village to the Acropolis of Athens stretches over 3000 years, Athens was community! Ruled the lands and area around it precedent for performing arts, with recorded history going over. 910 feet ) above the city is the capital of Greece and also its largest of... To make their city live up to its name and advertisements US to provide a better more... Though, are over 150 political speeches and 20,000 inscriptions which include 500 decrees 10. 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